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Massive Point Clouds for eSciences

Using point clouds to their full potential

Image: Fugro

We are witnessing an increased significance of point clouds for societal and scientific applications, such as in smart cities, 3D urban modeling, flood modeling, dike monitoring, forest mapping, and digital object preservation in history and art. Modern Big Data acquisition technologies, such as laser scanning from airborne, mobile, or static platforms, dense image matching from photos, or multi-beam echo-sounding, have the potential to generate point clouds with billions (or even trillions) of elevation/depth points. One example is the height map of the Netherlands (the  AHN2 dataset), which consists of no less than 640.000.000.000 height values.

The main problem with these point clouds is that they are simply too big (several terabytes) to be handled efficiently by common ICT infrastructures. At this moment researchers are unable to use this point cloud Big Data to its full potential because of a lack of tools for data management, dissemination, processing, and visualization.

Within this project several novel and innovative eScience techniques will be developed. Our work will also result in proposals for new standards to the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and/or the International Organisation for Standardisation/Technical Committee 211:

Enjoy our AHN2-webviewer at

The goal is a scalable (more data and users without architectural change) and generic solution: keep all current standard object-relational database management system (DBMS) and integrate with existing spatial vector and raster data functionality. Core support for point cloud data types in the DBMS is needed, besides the existing vector and raster data types. Furthermore, a new and specific web-services protocol for point cloud data is investigated, supporting progressive transfer based on multi-resolution. Based on user requirements analysis a point cloud benchmark is specified. Oracle, PostgreSQL, MonetDB and file based solutions are analyzed and compared. After identifying weaknesses in existing DBMSs, R&D activities will be conducted in order to realize improved solutions, in close cooperation with the various DBMS developers. The non-academic partners in this project (Rijkswaterstaat, Fugro and Oracle) will deliver their services and expertise and provide access to data and software (development).

Participating organisations

Delft University of Technology
Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management
Netherlands eScience Center


Peter van Oosterom
Principal investigator

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Related tools

AHN2 pointcloud viewer


A web application able to visualize the AHN2 point cloud data of the Netherlands.

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AHN point cloud viewer web service


A web service to serve large point cloud data efficiently using octrees.

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Massive PotreeConverter


Use parallel processing to quickly convert large point cloud data sets to the format used by the Potree viewer.

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